Ayurveda belives that the food which you eat is transformed into your body cells. It’s not just nourishing the body but getting converted into body. This conversion starts in our Digestive System i.e. from mouth to anal canal. Thus, Ayurveda gives prime importance to the conditions in the digestive tract. Process of digestion or metabolisation of food depends on three factors which are quality of food, lifestyle, mental health. When these three are imbalanced, body starts accumulating
metabolic wastes or ill-formed end products. Here lies the root cause of every disease. Since diseases start in digestive tract, they can be removed out through this same place. That is why the main 5 karmas or procedures are designed for.
Panchakarma treatment is a truly unique approach for revitalization, rejuvenation and prevention. Authentic ayurvedic detox is not done piecemeal. The treatments are intended to be done in careful sequence, not in isolation. Each stage and step, physiologically, supports the next.
Each of this Procedure is carried out in 3 steps:
This Includes ‘Snehana’(Oleation) and ‘Swedana’(Fomentation). These are the essential preparatory procedures which are mandatory before starting any Panchakarma Therapy. They are also used as individual treatments in certain conditions.
Sneha literally means “Love” and also Ghee/Oil/Butter these fatty substances are called ‘Sneha’. As mind needs Sneha/Love, body also regularly needs “Snehana”. Thus this means applying oil/ghee on body or taking these orally. In Ayurveda, this term has two meanings i.e. “Internal Oleation/Abhyantara Snehana” and “External Oleation/Bahya Snehana”.
This can be in various other forms apart from just massage.
Oil can penetrate skin easily. During massage, it seeps into skin, enters blood circulation and nourishes skin and internal organs. It pacifies ‘Vata dosha’ in our body. Thus it has calming or soothing effect on mind that means it de-stresses you. Oil enters the systemic circulation, this is proved by the recent development in research.
“Researchers have found a network of fluid-filled spaces in tissue that hadn't been seen before. These fluid-filled spaces were discovered in connective tissues all over the body, including below the skin's surface; lining the digestive tract, lungs and urinary systems; and surrounding muscles”
This theory proves the truth behind the benefits of abhyanga. Oil applied on the skin through massage penatrates into the skin and reaches upto muscles, bone, joints, eyes, brain etc.
Drinking ghee, oil orally in large quantity depending upon your digestion without mixing in the food is Known as Internal Oleation. This is usually done before doing panchakarma procedures like vamana and virechana.
The lipids in the oil/ghee used for oleation lubricate the cells and dissolve the toxins in the cell. By increasing quantity of ghee/oil the cells are saturated by these lipids and the toxins are brought to the digestive tract and then are removed from the nearest outlet (mouth/anal canal).
The oil treatment is often followed by a steaming process. This dilates the vessels and thereby assists the detoxification of the system. The term Svedana includes many different forms of heat treatment. The heat can be dry or damp, applied locally or to the whole body.
Vaman is the process of induced vomiting, which helps to get rid of waste products (vitiated doshas) accumulated in stomach through mouth.
Virechana is the process of induced purgation, which helps to get rid of waste products (vitiated doshas) accumulated in intestine through anus.
Basti is the introduction of herbal decoctions and medicated oils into the colon through the rectum.
Nasya treatment refers to an Ayurvedic therapy that includes instillation of herbal oils, juices or powders through the nasal route. Nasya is especially desirable for diseases of parts above the base of the neck; nasal passage being the gateway of the head.
Raktamokshana is the process of blood letting. Blood is drawn from the body through various methods. For e.g., with help of scalp vein or using Leeches etc. This procedure is used as a treatment of diseases originated from toxins in blood.